Section 713-2.19 - Construction, including fire-resistive requirements

713-2.19 Construction, including fire-resistive requirements.

(a) Every building and every portion thereof shall be designed and constructed to sustain all dead and live load in accordance with accepted engineering practices and standards, including seismic forces, where they apply.

(b) Foundations shall rest on natural solid bearing if a satisfactory bearing is available at reasonable depths. Proper soil-bearing values shall be established in accordance with recognized standards. If solid bearing is not encountered at practical depths, the structure shall be supported on driven piles or drilled piers designed to support the intended load without detrimental settlement, except that one-story buildings may rest on a fill designed by a soils engineer. When engineered fill is used, site preparation and placement of fill shall be done under the direct full-time supervision of the soils engineer. The soils engineer shall issue a final report on the compacted fill operation and certification of compliance with the job specifications. All footings shall extend to a depth not less than one foot below the estimated maximum frost line.

(c) Construction standards for nursing home facilities shall comply with the following:

(1) One-story buildings shall be of Type I, or Type II (222) or (111) construction; buildings with two or more stories shall be of Type I construction. Building construction types shall be as defined in NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction, 1999 edition. Further details concerning the material referenced herein are contained in section 711.2(a) of this Title.

(2) Enclosures for stairs, elevator shafts, chutes and other vertical shafts, boiler rooms, and storage rooms of one hundred square feet or greater area, shall be of construction having a fire resistance rating of at least two hours.

(d) Separate freestanding buildings housing the boiler plant, laundry, shops, or general storage may be of Type I, or Type II (222) or (111) construction. Building construction types shall be as defined in NFPA 220, Standard on Types of Building Construction, 1999 edition. Further details concerning the material referenced herein are contained in section 711.2(a) of this Title.

(e) Building insulation materials, unless sealed on all sides and edges, shall have a flame spread rating of twenty five or less and a smoke developed rating of one hundred fifty or less when tested in accordance with NFPA 255,

Standard Method of Test of Surface Burning Characteristics of Building Materials, 2000 edition.

Further details concerning the material referenced herein are contained in section 711.2(a) of this Title.

(f) An emergency radio communication system shall be provided in each facility. This system shall be self-sufficient in times of emergency and capable of operation without reliance on the building service or emergency electric power supply. It shall also be linked with the available community or State emergency communication network, including connections with police and fire department or system.

Effective Date: 
Wednesday, December 29, 2010
Doc Status: 
Complete