FOOD VENDING MACHINE CONSTRUCTION--INTERIOR

Section 14-5.80 - Machine construction

FOOD VENDING MACHINE CONSTRUCTION--INTERIOR

14-5.80 Machine construction. Food vending machines are to be constructed and maintained to protect food furnished from contamination under conditions at the machine location. These conditions include temperature, dust and dirt, chemicals as dust, fumes and vapors, power failure and vandalism.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.81 - Food-contact surface construction

14-5.81 Food-contact surface construction.

Food-contact surfaces are to be constructed of safe materials which will not contaminate or otherwise affect food. Such materials are to be resistant to denting, buckling, pitting, chipping, distortion, cracking and crazing, and are to be smooth, easily cleanable, and free from breaks, open seams, cracks, chips, pits and similar imperfections. Food-contact surfaces are to be free from difficult-to-clean internal corners and crevices, and are to be readily accessible for cleaning.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.82 - Materials permitted and prohibited

14-5.82 Materials permitted and prohibited.

(a) Materials, including food-grade plastics, used in the construction and repair of food vending machines are to be nontoxic, not affected by foods, cleaning compounds, or such other substances which may be found in the use environment, nonabsorbent and durable under normal use. They are not to impart odor, color or taste, nor to contribute to the contamination of food, and are to maintain their original properties under repeated use. Painted food-contact surfaces are prohibited.

(b) Materials are to be of sufficient weight and thickness to permit cleaning and sanitizing.

(c) Tubing conveying beverages or beverage ingredients is to be fabricated from safe materials.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.83 - Lubrication

14-5.83 Lubrication.

Bearings and gears requiring lubricants are to be designed and constructed so that the lubricant cannot leak, drip or be forced into the food or onto food-contact surfaces. Food-grade lubricants are to be used on or within food-contact surfaces.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.84 - Machine cleanability

14-5.84 Machine cleanability. Food vending machines are to be constructed to be cleanable:

(a) without being disassembled;

(b) by disassembling without the use of tools; or

(c) by disassembling with the use of only simple tools, such as a mallet, a screwdriver or an open-end wrench kept available near the equipment, unless designed for in-place cleaning.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.85 - Equipment construction; in-place cleaning

14-5.85 Equipment construction; in-place cleaning. Food vending machines intended for in-place cleaning are to be constructed so that:

(a) cleaning and sanitizing solutions can be circulated throughout a fixed system, using an effective cleaning and sanitizing regimen;

(b) cleaning and sanitizing solutions contact all interior food-contact surfaces; and

(c) the system is self-draining or can be completely evacuated.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.86 - Nonfood-contact surface cleanability

14-5.86 Nonfood-contact surface cleanability.

Nonfood-contact surfaces of the interior of vending machines are to be designed and constructed to permit easy cleaning and to facilitate maintenance operations, and are to be kept clean and in good repair.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.87 - Protection of food in vending machines

14-5.87 Protection of food in vending machines.

The openings into all nonpressurized containers used for the storage of vendable food, including water, are to be provided with covers which prevent contamination from reaching the interior of the containers. These covers are to be designed to provide a flange which overlaps the openings, and are to be sloped to drain wherever the collection of condensation, moisture or splash is possible. Concave covers or cover areas are prohibited. Any port opening through the cover is to be flanged upward at least 3/16 inch, and is to be provided with an overlapping cover flanged downward. Condensation-, drip- or dust-deflecting aprons are to be provided on all piping, thermometers, equipment, rotary shafts, and other functional parts extending into the food container unless a watertight joint is provided. Such aprons are to be considered as satisfactory covers for those openings which are in continuous use. Gaskets, if used, are to be of safe materials, nonabsorbent, and are to have a smooth surface. All gasket retaining grooves are to be easily cleanable.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.88 - Food protection during dispensing

14-5.88 Food protection during dispensing.

The delivery tube or chute and orifice of bulk food vending machines are to be protected from normal manual contact, dust, insects, rodents and other contamination. The design is to divert condensation or moisture from the normal filling position of the container receiving the food. The vending stage of such machines is to be provided with a tight-fitting, self-closing door or cover which is kept closed except when food is being removed. The cup-filling area or platform of controlled-location vending machines does not require a door or cover if there is no opening into the cabinet interior at that point other than for dispensing tube(s) or trapped waste tubing. The dispensing compartment of prepackaged candy and similar product vending machines is to be equipped with a self-closing lid at the vending locations where insect or rodent entry into the machine may occur.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete

Section 14-5.89 - Condensation water disposal; food container opening devices

14-5.89 Condensation water disposal; food container opening devices.

(a) The food storage compartment and other compartments in refrigerated vending machines which are subject to condensation or cooling water retention are to be self-draining or equipped with a drain outlet which permits complete draining. In vending machines designed to store cartoned beverages, diversion devices and retention pans or drains for leakage are to be provided. All such drains, devices and retention pans are to be easily cleanable.

(b) Opening devices which come into contact with food or the food-contact surfaces of the containers are to be constructed of corrosion-resistant, nonabsorbent and safe materials. Unless the opening device is of a single-service type, it is to be readily removable for cleaning, and is to be kept clean. Parts of multi-use opening devices which come into contact with the food or food-contact surface of containers are to be readily removable for cleaning.

Effective Date: 
Friday, February 22, 1985
Doc Status: 
Complete