Title: Section 415.34 Minimum Direct Resident Care Spending
415.34 Minimum Direct Resident Care Spending
(a) Purpose. This Section sets forth the requirements of the minimum direct resident care spending law set forth in Section 2828 of the Public Health Law and applies to all residential health care facilities licensed pursuant to this Part, except as provided in subdivision (c) of this Section.
(b) Definitions. The definitions of this Section shall have the same meaning as those terms set forth in subdivision (2) of Section 2828 of the Public Health Law. Additionally, the following terms shall have the following meanings:
(1) “Contracted out” shall mean services provided by registered professional nurses, licensed practical nurses, or certified nurse aides who provide services in a residential health care facility through contractual or other employment agreement, whether such agreement is entered into by the individual practitioner or by an employment agency on behalf of the individual practitioner. Such agreement may be oral or in writing.
(2) “Direct resident care” shall mean the following cost centers in the residential health care facility cost report:
(i) Nonrevenue Support Services - Plant Operation & Maintenance, Laundry and Linen, Housekeeping, Patient Food Service, Nursing Administration, Activities Program, Nonphysician Education, Medical Education, Medical Director's Office, Housing, Social Service, Transportation;
(ii) Ancillary Services - Laboratory Services, Electrocardiology, Electroencephalogy, Radiology, Inhalation Therapy, Podiatry, Dental, Psychiatric, Physical Therapy, Occupational Therapy, Speech/Hearing Therapy, Pharmacy, Central Services Supply, Medical Staff Services provided by licensed or certified professionals including and without limitation Registered Nurses, Licensed Practical Nurses, and Certified Nursing Assistant; and
(iii) Program Services - Residential Health Care Facility, Pediatric, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Autoimmune Deficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Long Term Ventilator, Respite, Behavioral Intervention, Neurodegenerative, Adult Care Facility, Intermediate Care Facilities, Independent Living, Outpatient Clinics, Adult Day Health Care, Home Health Care, Meals on Wheels, Barber & Beauty Shop, and Other similar program services that directly address the physical conditions of residents. Direct resident care does not include, at a minimum and without limitation, administrative costs (other than nurse administration), capital costs, debt service, taxes (other than sales taxes or payroll taxes), capital depreciation, rent and leases, and fiscal services.
(3) “Resident-facing staffing” shall mean all staffing expenses in the ancillary and program services categories on Exhibit H of the residential health care facility cost reports.
(4) “Revenue” shall mean the total operating revenue from or on behalf of residents of the residential health care facility, government payers, or third-party payers, to pay for a resident's occupancy of the residential health care facility, resident care, and the operation of the residential health care facility as reported in the residential health care facility cost reports submitted to the Department; provided, however, that revenue shall exclude:
(i) the average increase in the capital portion of the Medicaid reimbursement rate from the prior three years;
(ii) funding received as reimbursement for the assessment under Public Health Law section 2807‑d(2)(b)(vi), as reconciled pursuant to Public Health Law section 2807‑d(10)(c);
(iii) the capital per diem portion of the reimbursement rate for nursing homes; provided, however, that such exclusion shall not apply:
(a) for nursing homes that have an overall one-, two-, or three-star rating assigned pursuant to the inspection rating system of the U.S. Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS rating); or
(b) to any amount of the capital per diem portion of the reimbursement rate that is attributable to a capital expenditure made to a corporation, other entity, or individual, with a common or familial ownership to the operator or the facility as reported under Public Health Law section 2803‑x(1); and
(iv) any grant funds from the federal government for reimbursement of COVID-19 pandemic-related expenses, including, but not limited to, funds received from the federal emergency management agency or health resources and services administration.
(1) For the purposes of this Section, residential health care facilities shall not include:
(i) facilities that are authorized by the Department to primarily care for medically fragile children or young adults, people with HIV/AIDS, persons requiring behavioral intervention, or persons requiring neurodegenerative services. For the purposes of this subparagraph, a facility shall be considered to primarily care for such specialized populations if at least 51 percent of certified beds are designated for persons with such specialty health care needs; or
(ii) continuing care retirement communities licensed pursuant to Article 46 or 46-A of the Public Health Law.
(iii) A facility may apply to the Commissioner for a waiver of applicability of this Section on the basis of providing specialty care services if such facility primarily provides care to a specialized population other than one listed in subparagraph (i) of this paragraph. Such application shall detail what specialty services the facility provides, the percentage of the resident population needing such specialty services, and whether any other residential health care facilities licensed by the Department provide such specialty services. The Commissioner shall have discretion to approve or reject applications submitted pursuant to this subparagraph, and shall provide the facility with the basis for the Commissioner’s determination within a reasonable timeframe upon receipt of a complete application. Factors the Commissioner will assess in determining whether to grant or deny a waiver application based on provision of services to a specialty population include, but are not limited to, the following:
(a) the number of other residential health care facilities licensed by the Department that provide the services identified by the facility as specialized services;
(b) whether a majority of current facility residents have special health care needs as identified by the facility; and
(c) the unique training or licensing required of facility staff to provide services to the identified specialized population.
(iv) In the event a facility no longer provides care for a specialty population, as identified under subparagraphs (i) and (iii) of this paragraph, the facility shall comply with this Section by January first of the first year following the date on which the facility ceased operating as a specialty residential health care facility, as determined by the Commissioner.
(2) Additional Waivers. A facility may apply to the Commissioner for a waiver of applicability of this Section on the basis of unexpected or exceptional circumstances that prevented compliance. Such application shall detail the specific unexpected or exceptional circumstance experienced by the facility; when the facility first learned of such circumstances; why the facility could not have anticipated such circumstances arising; actions the facility took to address such circumstances; expenses incurred as a result of addressing such circumstances; when the facility expects such circumstances to be resolved; and what preventive steps the facility is taking to ensure that such circumstances do not unexpectedly arise in the future. The Commissioner shall have discretion to approve or reject applications submitted pursuant to this paragraph, and shall provide the facility with the basis for the Commissioner’s determination within a reasonable timeframe upon receipt of a complete application. Factors the Commissioner will assess in determining whether to grant or deny a waiver application based on unexpected or exceptional circumstances include, but are not limited to, the following:
(i) whether the facility should have anticipated such events occurring;
(ii) whether any other residential health care facilities licensed by the Department experienced similar circumstances but have not applied for a waiver under this paragraph;
(iii) whether the facility has implemented sufficient policies and procedures to ensure such events do not recur.
(d) Minimum Spending Requirements. By January 1, 2022, residential health care facilities shall comply with the following minimum expenditures:
(1) 70 percent of revenue shall be spent on direct resident care; and
(2) 40 percent of revenue shall be spent on resident-facing staffing.
(i) All amounts spent on resident-facing staffing shall be included as a part of amounts spent on direct resident care; and
(ii) 15 percent of costs associated with resident-facing staffing that are contracted out by a facility for services provided by registered professional nurses, licensed practical nurses, or certified nurse aides shall be deducted from the calculation of the amount spent on resident-facing staffing and direct resident care.
(3) For the purposes of assessing whether a facility has met the minimum spending requirements, a facility may apply to the Commissioner to have certain revenues and expenses excluded from the calculation of the facility’s total revenue and total expenditures, where the facility has satisfactorily demonstrated to the Commissioner that such revenues and expenses were incurred due to the following circumstances:
(i) a natural disaster, where a federal, State, or local declaration of emergency has been issued; or
(ii) the facility has received extraordinary, non-recurring revenue which, in the discretion of the Commissioner, does not accurately reflect operating revenue for the purposes of this rule, including but not limited to revenue received through insurance or legal settlements.
(1) A residential health care facility shall be subject to recoupment for excessive total operating revenue if:
(i) the facility’s total operating revenue exceeds total operating and non-operating expenses by more than five percent of total operating revenue; or
(ii) the facility fails to spend the minimum amount necessary to comply with the minimum spending standards for resident-facing staffing or direct resident care, as set forth in subdivision (d) of this Section, as calculated on an annual basis, or for 2022, on a pro-rata basis for April 1, 2022 through December 31, 2022.
(2) Remission of excess revenue.
(i) The Department shall issue a notice of noncompliance to a facility subject to recoupment for excessive total operating revenue, which indicates the amount to be remitted based on the amount of excess revenue or the difference between the minimum spending requirement and the actual amount of spending on resident-facing staffing or direct care staffing, as applicable, as well as acceptable forms of payment.
(ii) Upon receipt of a notice of noncompliance pursuant to subparagraph (i), the facility shall remit the total amount indicated in the notice of noncompliance by November first in the year following the year in which the expenses are incurred.
(3) Penalties. Failure to remit the total required fee by the due date may result in adverse action by the Department, including but not limited to: bringing suit in a court of competent jurisdiction, taking deductions or offsets from payments made pursuant to the Medicaid program, and imposition of penalties pursuant to Section 12 of the Public Health Law.
(4) Recouped funds shall be deposited by the Department into the Nursing Home Quality Pool, pursuant to Section 2808(2-c)(d) of the Public Health Law.
(f) Residential Health Care Facility Cost Reports.
(1) The Department shall, no less frequently than annually, audit the residential health care facilities’ cost reports for compliance in accordance with this Section.
(2) If a facility did not report data in the 2019 residential health care facility cost report, they must promptly provide the Department with data on the facility’s direct resident care and resident facing staffing expenses in accordance with this Section and Section 2828 of the Public Health Law. This data must be submitted with a written certification by the operator, officer, or public official responsible for the operation of the facility, in a form and format determined acceptable by the Department, attesting that all data reported by the facility is complete and accurate. If the data is not submitted within a reasonable timeframe, as determined by the Department, the Department shall use the previous available cost report data applicable to such facility.
VOLUME C (Title 10)